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Ramzan or Ramadan is a period of fasting for muslims. The name is derived from the name of the ninth month of the Islamic Calender. This month is considered as the most holy month of the year in Islam. All followers of Islam are urged to follow the basic rules of fasting, prayer, charity etc during this month. It was during this month that the holy Quran was revealed. Eid means recurring happiness or festivity.

 

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Eid is celebrated with much enthuisiasm and all muslims are seen adorned in beautiful new clothes, visiting the mosques to attend Eid prayers. A very important aspect of Eid is the charity, which all Muslims are expected to extend to the needy. The first Eid of the year is known as 'Eid Ul Fitr' which literally means breaking fast.

 
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Thus Eid Ul Fitr is celebrated on the first day of Shawaal, the tenth month in the Muslim Calendar, to mark the end of a month long fast during the month of Ramadan. Food is donated to the poor, everyone puts on their best, preferably new clothes, communal prayers are held in the early morning, followed by feasting and visiting relatives and friends.
As the third 'pillar' or religious obligation of Islam, fasting has many special benefits. Among these the most important is that it is a means of learning self control. Due to the lack of preoccupation with the satisfaction of bodily appetites during the daylight hours of fasting, a measure of ascending is given to one's spiritual nature, which becomes a means of coming closes to Allah. Ramadan is also a time of concentrated worship, reading of the Quran, purifying one's behaviour, giving charity and doing virtuous deeds.
Since it is a festival of giving and sharing, Muslims prepare special food and buy gifts for their family and friends. There is also a social aspect involved - the preparing of special food and inviting people for the Iftar Meal (the meal to break the fast).

 
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